Preliminaries If ethics is widely regarded as the most accessible branch of philosophy, it is so because many of its presuppositions are self-evident or trivial truths: At least for secularists, the attainment of these overall aims is thought to be a condition or prerequisite for a good life.
An Analysis Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis 7 July Plato This four-page undergraduate essay explains, compares, and contrasts the theories and discussions of Plato and Aristotle regarding the best political association. An Analysis Determining the best form of political association was important to the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, and each of them expressed his opinion in important works such as the Republic and Politics.
We will write a custom essay sample on Plato and Aristotle: They also shared in common the same philosophy regarding the origins of a political state. In other words, the State exists in order to provide for the well-being of its citizens. Their respective analyses reflected their respect for justice, and their elevation of it to the highest priority.
In the Republic, Plato defines just political rule as a system in which each interest is satisfied to the proper extent and everyone has what is theirs.
The philosophers have the knowledge they want; the warriors have the honors they want; and the commoners have the goods and pleasures they want, under the enlightened guidance of philosophers and warriors.
The methods of Aristotle and Plato were similar in many ways.
They both utilized logic, evaluations of contemporary politics, and lengthy comparisons of various types of political rule to arrive at their conclusions.
As citizens of ancient Greece, they both shared much the same outlook on society, religion, morality, and politics. They also shared similar historical perspectives, and their perceptions of contemporary events were formed through the same philosophical context.
One of the contrasts between their methods is that Plato used analogies to make his points. He examined a political state by comparing the state with the human soul. Unlike Aristotle, he also used a style of approach in which he made his points through dialogues involving Socrates.
In Politics, Aristotle emphasized that correct political rule involves pursuing policies which are to the common advantage of the most people.
Aristotle described the best forms of political rule as kingship, aristocracy and polity, and described the worst forms as tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Aristotle criticized Democracy because its consequences were rule by the multitude, which causes injustice.
He criticized Oligarchy because its consequences were rule by the wealthy, which also causes injustice; and he criticized Tyranny because its consequences were dictatorship, which again causes injustice.
In terms of the merits of the citizenry, Aristotle notes that the people may collectively be the best judges of certain things, so it is justified for them to take part in deliberations.
But like Plato, he feels that the common people are not qualified to share in the highest offices. Both Plato and Aristotle also agree that laws need to be made in accordance with the regime, and agree that the more just a ruler is, the more just the laws will be.
Essentially, both Aristotle and Plato asserted that the goal of politics should be justice. One difference between them is that Plato believed that the best claim to rule was education and virtue, although he conceded that there is also a claim to rule based on wealth and on numbers.
Another difference is that Aristotle emphasized that the most important task for a leader was to be a lawgiver, and to frame the appropriate constitution for the city-state.
According to Aristotle, once the constitution was in place, the ruler needed to take the necessary steps to maintain it, to implement reforms when he considered them necessary, and to guard against any subversion of the political system. In works such as the Republic and Politics, they used similar methods of analysis to evaluate the best form of political rule.
For Aristotle, the best form of political rule corresponded to the best way of life for a human being. Since the best way of life is living nobly and according to virtue, the best political form of rule is the one which promotes this kind of life. For Plato, the best form of political rule was Aristocracy, for it involves rule by the best people in the political community.Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis Determining the best form of political association was important to the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, and each of them expressed his opinion in important works such as the Republic and Politics.
Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics.
It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism).
This enumeration is traced to Greek philosophy and was listed by Plato in addition to piety:????? (hosiotes). It is likely that Plato believed that virtue was, in fact, a single thing, and that this enumeration was created by others in order to better define virtue.
Meno Analysis Plato. Homework Help. Context (Student Guide to World Philosophy) The discussion is shortly brought back to the original topic, whether virtue can be taught. Meno wants Socrates. ” (Plato) Both men’s methods involved a comprehensive analysis of the consequences of each form of rule.
Aristotle criticized Democracy because its consequences . Human Virtue in Plato and Aristotle by John Alison In their philosophies Plato and Aristotle each develop a signiﬁcant account of human virtue.
Through comparing and contrasting the two formulations, a deeper understanding of the thinkers’ ideas can be had.