Competing with myths about the social and emotional development of gifted students by Tracy Cross As a wise person Lao Tsu once said, "Nothing is more difficult than competing with a myth. Gifted students should be with students their own age Also available from Amazon.
Social influence Social influence is an overarching term given to describe the persuasive effects people have on each other. It is seen as a fundamental value in social psychology and overlaps considerably with research on attitudes and persuasion. The three main areas of social influence include: Social influence is also closely related to the study of group dynamics, as most principles of influence are strongest when they take place in social groups.
The first major area of social influence is conformity. Conformity is defined as the tendency to act or think like other members of a group. The identity of members within a group, i. Individual variation among group members plays a key role in the dynamic of how willing people will be to conform.
In the Asch conformity experimentspeople frequently followed the majority judgment, even when the majority was objectively wrong.
The second major area of social influence research is compliance. Compliance refers to any change in behavior that is due to a request or suggestion from another person.
The foot-in-the-door technique is a compliance method in which the persuader requests a small favor and then follows up with requesting a larger favor, e. A related trick is the bait and switch. Obedience as a form of compliance was dramatically highlighted by the Milgram studywherein people were ready to administer shocks to a person in distress on a researcher's command.
This is a prediction that, in being made, actually causes itself to become true. For example, in the stock marketif it is widely believed that a crash is imminent, investors may lose confidence, sell most of their stock, and thus actually cause the crash.
Similarly, people may expect hostility in others and actually induce this hostility by their own behavior.
Group dynamics A group can be defined as two or more individuals that are connected to each another by social relationships. They have a number of emergent qualities that distinguish them from aggregates: Implicit rules and expectations for group members to follow, e.
Implicit rules and expectations for specific members within the group, e. Patterns of liking within the group, and also differences in prestige or status, e. Temporary groups and aggregates share few or none of these features, and do not qualify as true social groups.
People waiting in line to get on a bus, for example, do not constitute a group. To a large extent, humans define themselves by the group memberships which form their social identity.
The shared social identity of individuals within a group influences intergroup behavior, the way in which groups behave towards and perceive each other. These perceptions and behaviors in turn define the social identity of individuals within the interacting groups.
The tendency to define oneself by membership in a group may lead to intergroup discrimination, which involves favorable perceptions and behaviors directed towards the in-group, but negative perceptions and behaviors directed towards the out-group.
Groups often moderate and improve decision making ,[ citation needed ] and are frequently relied upon for these benefits, such as in committees and juries. A number of group biases, however, can interfere with effective decision making. For example, group polarization, formerly known as the "risky shift," occurs when people polarize their views in a more extreme direction after group discussion.
More problematic is the phenomenon of groupthink. This is a collective thinking defect that is characterized by a premature consensus or an incorrect assumption of consensus, caused by members of a group failing to promote views which are not consistent with the views of other members.
Groupthink occurs in a variety of situations, including isolation of a group and the presence of a highly directive leader.An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a r-bridal.comments provide insight into cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated.
Experiments vary greatly in goal and scale, but always rely on repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results.
Until women and girls can live free of fear, violence and insecurity, the world cannot pride itself on being fair and equal, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said on Monday, commemorating the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, marked annually on 25 November.
John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
Two of the areas social psychology matured in were theories and methods. Social psychologists have also maintained their applied interests with contributions in the social psychology of health, education, law, and the workplace.
Intrapersonal phenomena Sociological approach to social psychology; Society for Personality and Social. The controversial nature of complicated grief. You do not have to study bereavement theory for very long before you meet lively discussions around complicated grief, often referred to as CG, an abbreviation we will adopt here.
For Clinicians: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy treatment that was originally designed to alleviate the distress associated with .