Such consumption beyond minimal and basic needs is not necessarily a bad thing in and of itself, as throughout history we have always sought to find ways to make our lives a bit easier to live.
Causes[ edit ] In understanding the effects of over-consumption, it is pertinent to understand what causes the phenomenon.
There is a spectrum of goods and services that the world population constantly consume. These range from food and beverage, clothing and footwear, housing, energy, technology, transportation, education, health and personal care, financial services and other utilities.
Since the developing nations are rising quickly into the consumer class, it is important to note the trends happening in these nations. According to the World Bank, the highest shares of consumption lie in food and beverage and clothing and footwear.
This applies regardless of sector of income.
This is due to planned and perceived obsolescence. When it is planned, designers create products that will not be able to work after a certain amount of time but they work for enough time to ensure the customers will come back to buy again.
Perceived obsolescence comes in a lot with fashion and trends and fueled by advertising and media consumption.
Through this technique, consumers are convinced that certain products do not have value anymore because it is out of style, and in order to have value, consumers must buy more up to date styles.
Here is where fast fashion was born. Excessive unsustainable consumption will exceed the long term carrying capacity of its environment ecological overshoot and subsequent resource depletion, environmental degradation and reduced ecosystem health.
Looking at the two largest sectors of over consumption, the fashion and food industries, we can see most of the harmful effects on the Earth starting here.
The fashion industry has created a new venue, fast fashion, which in produced The United States, being the largest consumer market, deals with excess clothing by exporting it to poorer, developing nations but this solution is not sustainable because the demand will go down as cheap clothing becomes more readily available.
Another way of disposal is to throw out into landfills or burn up in incinerators which is the least sustainable disposal solution. Other aspects of losses surrounding dry matter came at each stage in the food system, the highest amount being from livestock production at When the consumer takes in too much, this not only explains losses in the beginning of the stage at production and over production but also lends itself to overconsumption of energy and protein, having harmful effects on the body.
However once again both of these claims are controversial with the latter being correlated to other factors more so than over-consumption. Within the topic of overconsumption there are many other ideas that should be considered in order to find the true cause of it.
Some important events that coincide are poverty, population and the development of an area. Lester Brown of the Earth Policy Institutehas said: Environmentally, the world is in an overshoot mode.This chart shows per capita consumption of coffee in Europe and North America in Collaborative Economics has over 30 years of experience in state and regional innovation and economic development, and has been applying this understanding to the clean economy for the last 10 years.
What About Population?
At least part of the rise in global consumption is the result of population growth. The U.N. projects that world population will increase 41 percent by , to billion people, with nearly all of this growth in developing countries. Up to one third of all food is spoiled or squandered before it is consumed by people.
It is an excess in an age where almost a billion people go hungry, and represents a waste of the labour, water, energy, land and other inputs that went into producing that food.
Food loss and food waste refer to the decrease of food in subsequent stages of the food supply chain intended for human consumption. A comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field transportation geography with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application.
Includes a wide variety of media elements such as maps, figures and PowerPoint presentations. About. Since opening its doors in , Mall of America ® has revolutionized the shopping experience of tens of millions of visitors a year. A leader in retail, entertainment and attractions, Mall of America is one of the top tourist destinations in the country and is known around the world.