However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage.
Enabling environments Introduction Enabling environments for climate-smart agriculture CSA are the framework conditions that facilitate and support the adoption of climate-smart technologies and practices.
They include policies, institutional arrangements, stakeholder involvement and gender considerations, infrastructure, insurance schemes, as well as access to weather information and advisory services. An enabling environment may provide the laws, regulations and incentives, which assures that the reorientation and transformation towards climate-smart agriculture proceeds effectively and sustainably.
It helps build institutional capacity at all levels and reduces the risks that deter farmers from investing in new technologies and practices. Experience has shown that investing in the enabling environment is essential for implementing CSA at larger scales.
Index-based insurance Introduction Small-scale farmers and pastoralists in low-income countries are often trapped in poverty because they are unable to make investments in improved agricultural practices due to weather-related risks.
Agricultural insurance, an attractive approach to managing such risks, normally relies on direct measurement of the loss or damage suffered by each and every farmer. However, field loss assessment is costly and time consuming, particularly where there are a large number of small-scale farmers or pastoralists who can ill afford the inevitable delay in payments Greatrex et al.
The payouts can be made quickly and with less administrative costs and lower premiums than is typical for conventional crop insurance.
Typical features of rainfall-based index insurance for crops are IFAD b: A trigger weather measurement is set e. A lump sum or an incremental payment is made e. A limit of the measured parameter is set e.
The period of insurance is stated in the contract and coincides with the crop growth period; possibly divided into phases, with each phase having its own trigger, increment and limit. Contribution to CSA Productivity: Index insurance, often coupled with access to credit, allows farmers to take additional risks and to invest in improved practices that increase productivity and food securityeven in a situation of adverse weather conditions.
Adaptation through short-term climate risk management: In many parts of the world, rainfall is very variable both in total seasonal amounts and distribution patterns.
Under such conditions, farmers inevitably experience the risk of livestock loss, crop yield reduction or crop failure. Adaptation through longer term climate risk management: Climate change projections suggest that in many regions, rainfall amounts are likely to decline and rainfall variability to increase.
In such regions, index insurance will become an increasingly important adaptation strategy, but premiums may also have to increase. This will depend on the degree to which insured farmers are able to invest in improved production practices which either enhance carbon sequestration or reduce greenhouse gas GHG emissions.
Scaling up index insurance for smallholder farmers: Recent evidence and insights. A few common features appear to have contributed to recent progress within these case studies: Evidence from these case studies can inform the ongoing debate about the viability of scaling up index-based insurance for vulnerable smallholder farmers in the developing world.
The rapid progress observed in recent years suggests that index insurance has the potential to benefit smallholder farmers at a meaningful scale, and suggests the need to reassess arguments that lack of demand and practical implementation challenges prevent index-based insurance from being a useful tool to reduce rural poverty.
Weather Index-based Insurance in Agricultural Development: This technical guide translates the findings and experience to date into practical decision-making steps for IFAD and WFP country programme management staff and other donors interested in promoting this risk mitigation tool.
Index-based weather insurance for developing countries:A PESTLE analysis, sometimes referred to as a PEST Analysis, is a useful tool for understanding the industry situation as a whole, and is often used in conjunction with a SWOT analysis to assess the situation of an individual business.
PESTLE stands for “Political, Economic, Sociological, Technological, Legal and Environmental” factors.-PESTLE Analysis on Grameenphone-Political Analysis * Tax Policies: As a SEC listed company GP’s corporate tax rate is35%. Ancient history of Bengal shows that Bangladesh is the only country in the Indian-Subcontinent that accepted several religions but the root of the social philosophy was the ancient "Kuamo Society" that accepted god as a human being (Mukhopadhya, ).
2 “ Porter model, SWOT and PEST Analysis of Grameenphone Limited” Customer Satisfaction Factors of GP GrameenPhone is a highly growing mobile company. In mobile telecommunication industry, there are direct and indirect factors that influence customer satisfaction.
SWOT Analysis of Grameenphone Ltd. Abstract: Grameenphone widely known as GP, is the leading telecommunications service provider in Bangladesh. With more than 32 million subscribers (as of June ), Grameenphone is the largest cellular operator in the country.5/5(2). Since Grameen Phone is driving its car on the high way of telecommunication industry of Bangladesh and they have achieved the position of market just because of their quality service, extensive marketing research, and well infrastructure and for an exclusive management team; where the competitors are far behind them.