Savant syndrome

Famous Disabled Main Document The difficulty in understanding and acknowledging autism, primarily high functioning autism or Asperger's Syndrome, by the medical, psychological, and psychiatric community, can lead to misdiagnosis and even failure to provide the services needed for students Autism Today,

Savant syndrome

What is Savant Syndrome? Savants are people who despite serious mental or physical disability have quite remarkable, and sometimes spectacular, talents. This is an exceedingly rare phenomena, although there are several well documented cases see Sacks, ; ; Treffert,and recently the Academy Award winning movie Rain Man has led to the term savant being much more widely known.

Savant syndrome is perhaps one of the most fascinating phenomena in the study of human differences and cognitive psychology. It is often claimed that, because of the extraordinary abilities involved, we will never truly understand human memory and cognition until we understand the savant.

Savant syndrome was first properly recognised by Dr. Inhe coined the term "idiot savant" - meaning low intelligence, and from the French, savoir, knowing or wise, to describe someone who had "extraordinary memory but with a great defect in reasoning power. Another term, autistic savant, is also widely used, but this can be somewhat misleading.

Although there is a strong association with autism, it is certainly not the case that all savants are autistic. Nevertheless, in order to understand savant syndrome, it is helpful to know something about autism, also it is important to realize that there is some confusion over these estimates of the incidence of the syndrome which stems from the different ways in which it is defined and described.

Autism is a moderately rare condition resulting from a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. It is a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the developing brain, resulting in sometimes profound communicative, social and cognitive deficits.

Autism is estimated to occur in as many as 1 in individuals, and is four times more prevalent in boys than girls and does not seem to be associated with any demographic features, such as economic, class, racial, ethnic, etc.

Savant syndrome

Autistic traits are also sometimes observed in connection with other developmental disabilities, and CNS injuries. The term autistic was first used by Eugen Bleuler inbut the condition of autism was first named and described by the psychiatrist, Leo Kanner, in a landmark paper published in It is a condition in which children and adults typically have a lowered level of intelligence, together with difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, in the skills of social interaction, and in play activities.

The disorder makes it hard for them to relate to the outside world, and there is a marked tendency to withdraw from human interactions and become preoccupied with attachment to objects.

There is a failure in human intersubjectivity, characterized by difficulties in joint action, turn taking, and shared activities.

Often there will be continuous repetition of body movements hand flapping, rockinga rigidity of actions, resistance to changes in routine, and a "desire" for sameness. Independently of Kanner, in Hans Asperger, an Austrian physician, described a very similar condition, although there were some subtle differences.

It is probably best to think of autism as a spectrum disorder. There are no medical criteria for diagnosing autism, a specific diagnosis is made when a specified number of characteristics are noted as present, based on the presence of specific behaviours indicated by observation and through parent consultation.

Defining autism as a spectrum disorder, recognizes that the symptoms and characteristics of autism can present themselves in a wide variety of combinations, which may also range from mild to severe.

Clearly, there is no standard "type" or "typical" person with autism, and the terminology in use includes: However, this lecture is not concerned directly with autism, its definition or diagnosis. Characteristics of Savant Syndrome Savant syndrome is exceedingly rare, but a remarkable condition in which persons with autism, or other serious mental handicaps, or major mental illness, have astonishing islands of ability or brilliance that stand out in stark contrast to their overall Islands of Genius: The Bountiful Mind of the Autistic, Acquired, and Sudden Savant (): Darold A.

Treffert, Daniel .

Savant Syndrome

Jason Padgett, a man with acquired savant syndrome, created these drawings of how he sees reality. Despite being one of the most fascinating conditions of the human mind, we still don’t know much about savant syndrome: a condition where a person displays an incredible gift in one specific area of intelligence, yet suffers from an often severe handicap in other areas.

La sindrome del savant (in lingua italiana resa con idiota sapiente dal francese idiot savant) indica una serie di ritardi cognitivi anche gravi che presenta una persona, accanto allo sviluppo di un'abilità particolare e sopra la norma in un settore specifico.

Le Syndrome d'effondrement des colonies d'abeilles ou CCD est le nom donné à un phénomène. Bu sayfa, İngilizce Monty Hall problem maddesinden çevrilirken çeşitli sebeplerden dolayı çeviri yarım kalmıştır.

Yardım etmek istiyorsanız, çalışmaya katılan kişilerle iletişime geçip, sayfanın durumunu onlara sorabilirsiniz.

BBC - Future - The mystery of why some people become sudden geniuses