They believe that the gates of heaven are opened at midnight on October 31, and the spirits of all deceased children angelitos are allowed to reunite with their families for 24 hours. On November 2, the spirits of the adults come down to enjoy the festivities that are prepared for them. In most Indian villages, beautiful altars ofrendas are made in each home.
Rituals celebrating the deaths of ancestors had been observed by these civilizations perhaps for as long as 2,—3, years. The festivities were dedicated to the goddess  known as the "Lady of the Dead", corresponding to the modern La Calavera Catrina. By the late 20th century in most regions of Mexico, practices had developed to honor dead children and infants on November 1, and to honor deceased adults on November 2.
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The day of the dead in mexico 1 is All Saints Day, and the adult spirits will come to visit. November 2 is All Souls Day, when families go to the cemetery to decorate the graves and tombs of their relatives.
The three-day fiesta is filled with marigolds, the flowers of the dead; muertos the bread of the dead ; sugar skulls; cardboard skeletons; tissue paper decorations; fruit and nuts; incense, and other traditional foods and decorations. The intent is to encourage visits by the souls, so the souls will hear the prayers and the comments of the living directed to them.
Celebrations can take a humorous tone, as celebrants remember funny events and anecdotes about the departed. These flowers are thought to attract souls of the dead to the offerings. It is also believed the bright petals with a strong scent can guide the souls from cemeteries to their family homes.
Families will also offer trinkets or the deceased's favorite candies on the grave. Some families have ofrendas in homes, usually with foods such as candied pumpkin, pan de muerto "bread of dead"and sugar skulls ; and beverages such as atole.
The ofrendas are left out in the homes as a welcoming gesture for the deceased. Pillows and blankets are left out so the deceased can rest after their long journey. In many places, people have picnics at the grave site, as well. Traditionally, families spend some time around the altar, praying and telling anecdotes about the deceased.
In some locations, celebrants wear shells on their clothing, so when they dance, the noise will wake up the dead; some will also dress up as the deceased. Public schools at all levels build altars with ofrendas, usually omitting the religious symbols.
Government offices usually have at least a small altar, as this holiday is seen as important to the Mexican heritage. Those with a distinctive talent for writing sometimes create short poems, called calaveras skullsmocking epitaphs of friends, describing interesting habits and attitudes or funny anecdotes.
This custom originated in the 18th or 19th century after a newspaper published a poem narrating a dream of a cemetery in the future, "and all of us were dead", proceeding to read the tombstones.
Posada's striking image of a costumed female with a skeleton face has become associated with the Day of the Dead, and Catrina figures often are a prominent part of modern Day of the Dead observances. A common symbol of the holiday is the skull in Spanish calaverawhich celebrants represent in maskscalled calacas colloquial term for skeletonand foods such as sugar or chocolate skulls, which are inscribed with the name of the recipient on the forehead.
Sugar skulls can be given as gifts to both the living and the dead. Other holiday foods include pan de muerto, a sweet egg bread made in various shapes from plain rounds to skulls and rabbitsoften decorated with white frosting to look like twisted bones.
The traditions and activities that take place in celebration of the Day of the Dead are not universal, often varying from town to town. On November 1 of the year after a child's death, the godparents set a table in the parents' home with sweets, fruits, pan de muerto, a cross, a rosary used to ask the Virgin Mary to pray for them and candles.
This is meant to celebrate the child's life, in respect and appreciation for the parents. There is also dancing with colorful costumes, often with skull-shaped masks and devil masks in the plaza or garden of the town.
At midnight on November 2, the people light candles and ride winged boats called mariposas butterflies to Janitzio, an island in the middle of the lake where there is a cemetery, to honor and celebrate the lives of the dead there. In contrast, the town of Ocotepecnorth of Cuernavaca in the State of Morelosopens its doors to visitors in exchange for veladoras small wax candles to show respect for the recently deceased.
In return the visitors receive tamales and atole. This is done only by the owners of the house where someone in the household has died in the previous year. Many people of the surrounding areas arrive early to eat for free and enjoy the elaborate altars set up to receive the visitors.
In some parts of the country especially the cities, where in recent years other customs have been displaced children in costumes roam the streets, knocking on people's doors for a calaverita, a small gift of candies or money; they also ask passersby for it.
This relatively recent custom is similar to that of Halloween's trick-or-treating in the United States. Another peculiar tradition involving kids is La Danza de los Viejitos the dance of the old men when boy and young men dressed as granpas crouch and then jump in an energetic dance.If you find yourself in Mexico City the weekend before Day of the Dead this year, make sure to stop by the grand parade where you can join in on live music, bike rides and other activities in.
Mexico City - Day of the Dead Festival - November Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos) is a Mexican holiday dating back several thousand years to Aztec times in which families remember and honor those who have passed r-bridal.com from a day of mourning, Day of the Dead is a festive holiday celebrating the lives of deceased loved ones.
This year, El Día de los Muertos (or the Day of the Dead) started on October 31 and will end two days later. For the holiday, families across Mexico gather in cemeteries and public squares to.
The Day of the Dead, also known as All Souls Day, is celebrated in México and in all of Latin America on November 2nd. The Day of the Dead, also known as All Souls Day, is celebrated in México and in all of Latin America on November 2nd.
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